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Leonardo da Vinci - Leonardo da Vinci was a Florentine artist, one of the great masters of the High Renaissance, who was also celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist. Read More

Michelangelo - Michelangelo was one of the most inspired creators in the history of art and, with Leonardo da Vinci, the most potent force in the Italian High Renaissance. Read More

Piero Della Francesca - Italian painter whose style was one of the most individual of the early Renaissance. Read More

Cristoforo Colombo - Italian, Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish, Cristóbal Colón), Italian-Spanish navigator who sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a route to Asia but achieved fame by making landfall, instead, in the Caribbean Sea. Read More

Marconi, Guglielmo, Marchese Italian electrical engineer and Nobel laureate, known as the inventor of the first practical radio-signalling system. Read More

Archimedes (287-212 BC) pre-eminent mathematician and inventor, who wrote important works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Sicily, and educated in Alexandria, Egypt. Read More

Verdi, Giuseppe - Italian operatic composer, whose works stand among the greatest in the history of opera. Read More

Puccini, Giacomo - Italian composer, whose operas blend intense emotion and theatricality with tender lyricism, colourful orchestration, and a rich vocal line. Read More

Guido d'Arezzo - Music theorist. Educated at the Benedictine Abbey of Pomposa near Ferrara, Italy, he trained the singers and, together with a Brother Michael, created an antiphoner (a collection of antiphons, now lost) using a revolutionary notational system. Read More

Garibaldi, Giuseppe - Italian nationalist revolutionary and leader in the struggle for the unification of Italy and its liberation from rule by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Read More

Marcus Aurelius, full name Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus (121-180), Roman emperor (161-180) and Stoic philosopher. Read More

The most important Italian painter of the 14th century, whose conception of the human figure in broad, rounded terms-rather than in the flat, two-dimensional terms of Gothic and Byzantine styles-indicated a concern for naturalism that marked a turning point in the development of Western art.
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Angelico, Fra
Italian painter of the early Renaissance, who combined the life of a devout friar with that of an accomplished painter.
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Ferrari, Enzo
Italian motor-racing driver and sports car manufacturer. Ferrari was born in Modena and began his driving career with Alfa Romeo in the 1920s and continued with them in the 1930s.
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Marciano, Rocky
American boxer, who retired as the only undefeated heavyweight champion in boxing history. Read More

Armani, Giorgio
Italian fashion designer, hailed as a master tailor and as a designer whose clothes combine elegance, quality, and practicali
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Real name Bencivieni di Pepo, Italian painter and mosaicist, born in Florence.
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Francis of Assisi, St
Italian mystic and preacher, who founded the Franciscans.
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(scientist), Italian physicist and astronomer, who pioneered the scientific revolution that flowered in the work of the English physicist Isaac Newton Read More

Rudolph Valentino
Italian-born American film actor, who was idolized as a romantic, exotic lover.
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Amerigo Vespucci
Italian navigator, born in Florence, who claimed that on his first voyage (1497-1498) he reached the North American mainland before any other explorer. Read More

Luigi Pirandello
Luigi Pirandello was born in 1867 in Girgenti (now Agrigento) on the island of Sicily. Luigi's father was a fairly prosperous sulphur dealer and intended that his son should follow in his footsteps, but the boy demonstrated a studious bent early on, and as a result, he was provided with a literary schooling.
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Giacomo Casanova
Giacomo Casanova began writing his memoirs in approximately 1791, in the relative isolation of the Castle of Dux in Bohemia, where he served as the librarian for Josef Karl Emmanuel, Count Waldstein. Read More

Vincenzo Bellini
Italian composer, born in Catania, Sicily, and trained at the Conservatory of Music, Naples. The premiere of his first opera, Adelson e Salvini, in 1825, attracted Domenico Barbaja, the director of the San Carlo Opera, Naples, and La Scala, Milan.
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Enrico Caruso
Caruso, Enrico (1873-1921), Italian dramatic tenor, born in Naples. He made his debut in Naples in 1894. His first great success was in Milan in 1898 when he created the role of Loris in Fedora by the Italian composer Umberto Giordano.
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Luciano Pavarotti
Pavarotti, Luciano (1935- ), internationally famous Italian tenor, whose dramatic roles and powerful voice have gained him a superstar status akin to that of Enrico Caruso in the early years of the 20th century.
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Salvatore Quasimodo
Quasimodo, Salvatore (1901-1968), Italian poet and critic, born in Modica, Sicily. He began to write while working as a civil engineer. By 1938 he had published five books of poems. From 1940 he was drama critic of the journal Tempo.
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Dante Alighieri
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), Italian poet, prose writer, literary theorist, moral philosopher, and political thinker and one of the great figures of world literature
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Niccolò Machiavelli
Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469-1527), Italian historian, statesman, and political philosopher, whose amoral, but influential writings on statecraft have turned his name into a synonym for cunning and duplicity.
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Sandro Botticelli
Botticelli, Sandro, real name Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi (1445-1510), one of the leading painters of the Florentine Renaissance. He developed a highly personal style characterized by elegant execution, a sense of melancholy, and a strong emphasis on line; details in his paintings appear as sumptuous still lifes.
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Marcello Mastroianni
Mastroianni, Marcello (1924-1996), Italian film actor, who won international renown. Mastroianni was born in Fontana Liri. He acted as an extra in late-1940s Italian films and then as a member of the theatre company of Italian director Luchino Visconti.
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Sophia Loren
Loren, Sophia (1934- ), Italian film actress, who progressed from being an international sex symbol to Academy Award (Oscar) winner. Born in Rome, Loren was a beauty contestant when she was discovered at the age of 15 by film producer Carlo Ponti, who later became her husband.
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Alessandro Manzoni
Manzoni, Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio (1785-1873), Italian novelist, poet, and playwright, born in Milan. As a young man he espoused the rationalism and scepticism prevailing in French literature of the Enlightenment.
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Federico Fellini
Fellini, Federico (1920-1993), Italian film director. Born and brought up in the small seaside resort of Rimini on the Adriatic Coast, Fellini moved to Rome in 1939 where he made a living as a journalist and caricaturist.
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Donatello, real name Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi (c. 1386-1466), Italian Renaissance sculptor, who is generally considered the most original sculptor and one of the greatest artists of the early Renaissance.
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Al Pacino
Pacino, Al (1940- ), American actor, born Alfredo James Pacino in New York. Pacino trained at the Actors' Studio and made his screen debut in Me, Natalie (1969) while pursuing a full-time career in the theatre.
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Francis Ford Coppola
Coppola, Francis Ford (1939- ), film producer, director, and writer, born in Detroit, Michigan. Coppola was educated at Hofstra University, where he received a degree in theatre in 1960, and at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) film school.
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Dr. Maria Montessori, MD
Scientific observation has established that education is not what the teacher gives; education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences upon the environment.
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