Friuli Venezia Giulia - Places to Visit - Udine
The town is situated 113 m. above sea level at the foot of a hill dominated by the castle, on the wide alluvial plain of the Tagliamento river.
Despite its probable Roman origin, it was thought to be founded in 983 (document of Emperor Otto). The Patriarchs of Aquileia had their seat here after 1238 on.
Often at war with Cividale and Venice, it was conquered by the latter in 1420 and shared its fortunes till the Napoleonic era (1797).
After the Congress of Vienna it became a Hapsburg dominion until 1866 when, following the 3rd War of Independence, it was united with Italy.
Monuments: in the 16th-century Piazza della Libert, at the foot of the castle, is Palazzo del Comune (15th century GothicVenetian style), Porticato di S. Giovanni, an elegant Renaissance loggia (16th century), Torre dell'Orologio (16th century clock tower); not far away stands the Duomo (14th century, restructured in the 18th century, with a rich interior), with the adjacent Oratorio della Purita (18th century, paintings by Tiepolo), church of S. Maria del Castello (12th-13th century with 13th century frescoes), Palazzo Arcivescovile (16th-18th century).
An important junction for both road and rail communications (with links to Yugoslavia and Austria), Udine is a busy centre for commercial activities and freight distribution.
The still expanding industrial sector, includes the steel industry, engineering, textiles, paper, food (breweries) and furniture.
Events: International Chair Salon (May), Triennale della Medaglia antica (ancient medals), Festa di S. Caterina (end of November), Festa di S. Valentino.
Famous People: Giovanni Ricamatori (known as Giovanni da Udine, artist, 1487-1564), Bonaldo Stringer (economist, 1854-1930), Carlo Caneva (general, 1845-1922), Giovanni Marinelli (geographer, 1846-1900), Olinto Marinelli (army officer and geographer, 1874-1926).
Cultural Institutions: University, Science, Letters and Arts Academy, Friuli Museum of Folkloristic Peasant Traditions and Art, Natural History Museum, Civic Museum (archeology) and Gallery of Ancient and Modern Art (works by Carpaccio, Tiepolo, Piazzetta, Caravaggio) at the Castle.
In the Province: Aquileia (Archeological museum, Paleochristian Museum), Cividale del Friuli (National Archeological Museum), Codroipo, Arta Terme (spa), Lignano Sabbiadoro (beach resort), Tolmezzo (Carnic Museum of Popular Arts).